Quijote Interactivo website-Miller and Fu

  1. What kind of files, data, objects are being used in the project in question?

The Quijote Interactivo website presents the original edition of Miguel de Cervantes’ cult 1605-1615 novel, Don Quixote. It is a text transcript of the original book that is now presented in a more readable/accessible form. There are also different editions of the book in order to show a timeline of how the novel changed since its original publish date. There are extra files such as photos and maps to offer background information about 17th century Spain. There is also music in the background that represents Spain at that specific time period to foster a more authentic reading experience.

2. What’s the project research question? Or, questions?

Beyond simply creating an online version of Don Quixote, this website explores the historical context and culture of the novel. Overarching research questions include: How can we bring this classic piece of literature into the 21st century and bring it to the masses? And also how can we make it captivating using both visual and auditory methods? Can we explain the historical significance of the novel by supplementing it with various interactive tools?

  1. What tools are being used?  Created?

A high quality scanner is used to make the original book available digitally. The book is presented more as a gallery to flip through at various points rather than an actual book to read through from cover to cover.  The clear and instructional interface of the website utilized both visual and auditory stimulation. The information is organized in a way that is easy to navigate, even if one has no prior knowledge of the book or the time period in which it was written.

  1. What methods are being undertaken?

There are various methods that are being undertaken: the gallery format, the added music, the videos on background of the era, and the maps showing the location of the different chapters. All of these aspects contribute to the connecting of the past to the present and giving an interactive space to a piece of classic literature. These methods attempt to fill the space that the loss of a tactile method leaves.
Georgia Miller, Jill Fu

Salem Witch Trial Project

What kind of files, data, objects are being used in the project in question?

The Salem Witch Trial database displayed and combined different kinds of file types and data. They have scanned pictures of documents from court records, personal letters, diaries and sermons. They display visual images of maps in which the accusations and  trials took place. They also include documents with lists of names and biographies of people involved and mentioned in court records. Lastly, they have paintings and other visual data preserved from the time period.

What’s the project research question? Or, questions?

Beyond simply organizing and compiling the data in one place, the way they chose to organize represents what information they labelled as important. Through the maps and documentation of the court trials, they perhaps sought to study the spread and influence of the accusations and trials, therefore leading to conclusions of why they were so prominent at this time. Other questions they could be looking to solve are: What is the relevance of the Salem Witch Trials and why is it important to analyze this data? Additionally, what about the historical context of the time in history made witch accusations legitimate, or argued to be at that time?

What tools are being used?  Created?

Most of the tools used were simply ways of getting different types of files and data in the same place. This includes searching through archives and selecting relevant information and scanning/digitizing it. They used a dichotomy of organization to put file types in logistical places on the website. They must have used some sort of scanning tool, or somebody working, to catalogue names and patterns in court documents. Lastly, they compiled similar data and gave items and documents tags in order for them to be easily searchable.

What methods are being undertaken?

In order for the project to be successful, the founders probably had to apply for grant money and funding in order to ensure they could access documents and use the necessary tools. This portion of the method also includes contacting and agreeing to terms with participating archives to allow access to the relevant information. Beyond gaining access, systematic research methods like searching through documents, scanning reports and photos, and organizing data was used in creating a thorough database of information.

Lucy Marr and Electra Washburn

Quijote Interactivo analysis

Group Members: Seamus Galvin, Dehao(Dan) Tu

Date: 1/27/2017

  1. What kind of files, data, objects are being used in the project in question?

The Quijote Interactivo website uses a variety of file types including: images, text, sounds, mappings, and video. The main part of the the website’s make up is high resolution image files of Don Quixote’s original edition. The original text from the book were transcribed into digital text files which enable the readers to overlay them on top the original text. There’s also background music intended to enhance reading experience, and in keeping with that spirit there is a page turning audio file played when flipping the page. Readers can find a video of a musical relates to the book on the sidebar. Finally, there are multiple files which utilize a multimedia platform, assumably Adobe Flash Player, to display a map relates to Don Quixote’s journey, and a timeline shows the years when different editions of Don Quixote were published.

 

  1. What’s the project research question? Or, questions?

The Quixote projects research questions are two-fold. How best can we display the original Don Quixote and give the user a feel for the text in the digital era? How can we enhance the experience?  

 

  1. What tools are being used?  Created?

Many tools are being used by National Library of Spain in collaboration with Telefonica, a telecommunication company in Span, in order to present this project digitally. The first of which being high end scanners to produce highly pixilated images of the text. They also used HTML and other user-interactive markup programming languages to present it online for the general population as well as scholars. The multimedia platform such as Adobe Flash Player was embedded in the website to enhance the reading experience with interactive animation.

This website, from our perspective, is a tool that’s been created to act as a template. This template can be used in presenting other texts digitally in a way fits the aesthetic needs of the general population as well as critical evaluation of the scholars.

 

  1. What methods are being undertaken?

One of the methods is visualization and data design for achieving the ubiquitous scholarship. The other methods include but are not limited by an animated archive of the original Don Quixote and coding, programing, and software engineering.

 

Salem Witch Trial Site Analysis

Charles Feinberg

Brett Mele

January 31, 2017

Research Question:

What occurred during the Salem Witch hunt and trial? Who were the key players (accusers, those accused, those who defended the accused, etc.) in the unfolding of the events? What were the social elements of the time, 1690’s, and place, Salem, MA, that prompted such a unique, fantastical display of radical fear-based sexism?

Methods being undertaken:

There are several sections of the site including self-promoting sections and sections pertaining to where additional information on the Salem Witch trials can be found, however, there are four primary sections pertaining to the historical documentation of the events.

  1. Primary sources: (e.g. court transcriptions, first person documentations via diary entries, sermons from Salem Church, etc) directly pertaining to the trials and actions unfolding within Salem, MA during this volatile period from February 1692 to May 1693. Subsections based on type of documentation (e.g. Sermon, diary entries, personal letters court records).
  2. Maps: Scanned maps from 17th/18th century portraying colonial New England, specifically the Salem and surrounding/encompassing regions in which the events unfolded, and multimedia mapping pinpointing regions where specific events occurred. Additionally, GIS tracking technology was used by site proprietors to scan terrain for bodies pertaining to the events further supplementing research.
  3. Archival source work: Historical, public documentation pertaining court records (supreme and county) and trial proceedings that have been claimed and held by both public (e.g. Boston Public Library) or private (e.g. Essex Society) organization. Documents in this section are divided into subsections based on documentation ownership       
  4. Contemporary works: Three scanned versions of notorious, widely-distributed literature that would directly pertain to the events occurring in Salem as a medium for post-hoc contextualization. Literature includes John Hale’s “A Modest Inquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft” (1697), George Lincoln Burr’s “Narratives of Witchcraft Cases” (1914), and Increase Mather’s “Cases of Conscious Concerning Evil Spirits…” (1693).

File Types/Documents:

The file types on this web page are primarily scanned versions of all primary and secondary source work including maps from the time period. Additionally, the site proprietors have developed a multimedia/interactive maps that allow the viewer to interact with the events on a temporal scale (e.g. pop-up locations of accusers and accused as a function of time).  However, outside of the maps and the proprietor written summaries of different artifacts, the vast majority of the documents are scanned literature based documents. Photography was not an invented medium during the late 17th century, thus there are no visual representations of the events with the exception of several paintings; the majority of which have been rightly excluded from the site as they were not generated while the events were occurring (most were painted during the 19th century) and thus are not historically accurate representations of what occurred. By including the artwork, the historical accuracy of the site would be diminished and artifacts undermined.  

 

Tools being used/created:

High definition scanners were used for vast majority of the written documents and many of the maps as well adapting these documents into digital versions of their physical forms. Furthermore, GIS mapping technology was used to produce a map depicting the specific layout and infrastructure of Salem and the surrounding areas involved in the events. The product of the GIS mapping is a map that is not only a visual representation of the town’s layout, but furthermore, incorporates social dynamics as a product of house sizes and home’s proximity to and from others individuals. This map can be viewed as a new tool that aides in understanding the personalities of the accusers and accused by how wealthy they were (e.g. size of house) and/or how influential they may have been in town dynamics (e.g. proximity to others/town center).

Outside of GIS maps, the site itself can be considered a new tool in Salem Witch trial analysis. Having the vast majority of the data from the events along with contemporary literature pertaining to the events promotes a unique ability to analyze mass amounts of information efficiently. This prompts new philosophies and an accessible understanding about the events of the Salem Witch trials and the social climate that provoked the events.

The London Lives Project

The files being used in the London Lives Project include fully digitized manuscript and printed pages from eight London archives. The project research question: What happened in London from 1690 to 1800? The project is interested in creating a record of crime, poverty, and social policy in London during that period. Another purpose of the project is to link together records of individuals and groups of individuals who lived in London from 1690 to 1800.

The tools being used by the project managers include scanners to place the documents in a digital medium. The internet is also used to display the information obtained by the project. Also, fans of the London Lives project can use the internet to contribute to biographies, keep track of activity, and view corrections on pages to which they have contributed. The methods being used in this project include key-word searching for certain events and policies in old London as well as further filtering through specific years. The database also allows users to search by document type.

By Ian Nish and Jacob Circelli

Link to project

Salem Witch Trial Project – Harris Pollack and Isabella Bossa

What kind of files, data, objects are being used in the project question?

The Salem Witch Trials Archive uses documents and transcriptions, historical maps, archival collections, and contemporary books.

The original documents were written in the 17th century, and the archive provides access to numerous files that include verbatim transcriptions of the court records (and pictures of the original manuscripts in some cases), records and files of transcriptions of the Quarterly Counts of Essex County, pictures of original court records (located in various libraries and museums around the world), and electronic versions of record books.

The site provides various historical maps, including a map of the Salem Village in 1692, a map of Andover in 1692, a map of Salem in 1700, and a map of witchcraft accusations from February to March 1692. Some of the maps are static, while others are interactive.

Users also have access to pictures of original manuscripts kept in collections in a number of archives across the country, such as the Boston Public Library, the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Peabody Essex Museum, the Massachusetts Archives, the Boston Judicial Archives, the New York Public Library, and the Maine Historical Society.

Lastly, the archive gives users access to scanned versions of six contemporary books relevant to the topic: Wonders of the Invisible World by Cotton Mather, More Wonders of the Invisible World by Robert Calef, Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits by Increase Mather, A Modest Enquiry Into the Nature of Witchcraft by John Hale, Some Miscellany Observations on our Present Debates in a Dialogue Between S.&B. by Samuel Willard, and Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases by George Lincoln Burr.

What is the project research question? Or questions?

The project’s goal is to thoroughly analyze the Salem Witch Trials. All the materials provided by the archive allow readers to carefully study and inspect court documents, relevant people and places involved, the time frame of the accusations and trials, and pertinent academic material on the issue. Therefore, the research question is aimed at studying why did the trials happen, who were the people involved (either as a defendant, a plaintiff, a judge, or a simply as a witness or a citizen), how did the trials develop, where did it all happen, and how is the issue perceived in contemporary books.  

What tools are being used? Created?

Throughout the website and archives, scanners are used to scan old documents that include maps, personal letters and record books. The project also includes transcriptions of the original court records, and in some cases, scanned photographs of original manuscripts. Lastly, the website utilizes links from other library and museum archives. The archives typically have either a transcription or a scanned image of a relevant document. Additionally, researchers used a geographic information system (GIS) which gives visual representation of social context of the witch trials episode by placing the people mentioned in court records in their actual house locations in the village. This tool enabled researchers to create a graphic map that represents important location and demographic information (age, gender, frequency of accusations by individuals, etc).

*Funding has been provided by foundation grants.

What methods are being undertaken?

The method used is a well organized website that displays different types of information. The project organizes people by their roles in the trials (categories include executed, trial critics, died in jail, ministers, officials, afflicted girls, defenders of the accused, associate magistrates, and other accusers). Additionally, the project creators have uploaded, transcribed, or scanned photos of contemporary books and documents, maps, and court archives. A user can select what type of primary or secondary source they want to investigate. Furthermore, tools such as the GIS enabled the researchers to test court record accuracy and examine geographic surroundings in Salem that influenced the witch trials.

DH Projects Analysis

The Newton Project

1. What kinds of files, data, objects are being used in the project in question?

The Newton Project contains images and transcribed text versions of both the published and unpublished works of Isaac Newton in the fields of theology, physics and mathematics, among others. It also contains secondary sources concerning Newton and his work, but not written by him personally, including miscellaneous journal articles, newspaper articles, and other publishings. The Newton Project has made many works available that were previously unobtainable by the public. The project presents users with an image or an original work alongside a transcribed and translated version of the text.

2. What’s the project research question? Or, questions?

The project’s main research question is to provide a centralized location to interpret, transcribe, encode, and publish Newton’s works with the sole purpose of evolving the modern understanding of the work of Isaac Newton. Newton’s extensive discoveries in math and science, and those discoveries’ effects on modern math and science, make his theories worth studying today. The Newton Project presents its users with an opportunity to provide their own interpretations and help aid in the overall understanding of Newton’s works. The access to unpublished works granted by the Newton project is meant to assist other academics, as well as the general public, in learning more about Newton’s life and studies.

3. What tools are being used? Created?

The tools being used to create the Newton project are various programs, including MathML, TEI-P5, and HTML, used to transcribe the text from images of original manuscripts and documents. Those images are then placed alongside the text in the Newton archive that is being created.

4. What methods are being undertaken?

The archivists are employing several methods in creation of the Newton project. The creators must first establish the materials that will be added to the archive. Then, the original documents must be procured from their owners and related to Newton’s work. Once the documents have been uploaded, and digitally included into the project, the text is transcribed using the aforementioned software. Once transcribed into a text file, the document is tagged with all relevant (searchable and study-able) information to connect it to the rest of the archive.
Cooper Halpern and Zach Kleinbaum

DH projects analysis

The Charles Darwin Library Project

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/collection/darwinlibrary

The Charles Darwin Library project seeks to answer the question: what did Charles Darwin have in his library and personal collection? Through a focus on the books and manuscripts containing his annotations, researchers hope to provide readers with insights into Darwin’s mind. What was he thinking about and inferring from the texts that he read? What sorts of books did he value?

The Charles Darwin Library project uses scanned images of heavily annotated books, pamphlets, notes, and periodicals from Charles Darwin’s personal collection.  His notes, manuscripts and readings lists are also components of the project. The researchers go about obtaining these documents by asking museums, libraries, universities, and persons who are in possession of pieces from Darwin’s library for permission to either collect previously scanned documents or if they themselves can scan the original documents (with a high-fidelity scanner, most likely).  As a result, the  bulk of the files for this project are images and digitized text files.

The CDL project has thoroughly indexed Charles Darwin’s annotations, allowing anyone to parse through this database through  relevant keywords.  In order to make these documents accessible to the public, indexes and transcriptions of Darwin’s annotations have been made searchable on the site.

 

Nick Chkonia, Dylan Thies