Lab 3 [Georgia, Hess, & Seamus Collab]

Exercise 1:

2nd website:

This map portrays the dynamic progression of the battle within the duration three days

It plots the summarized movements of each army for each day

Provides specific timeline of events for each day

This map portrays the preparational positioning of each army and strategy before the battle began

This is a more broad representation of the first day of battle from the strategic perspective of Jackson’s army

4th website:

The comparison between the old and new satellite images of California show the differences and similarities between the two.



2nd website:

The descriptions on the side panel gives an in depth view into the specific times and events of the battle.

The opposing armies are clearly identifiable by their colors

Each number represents one of the definitive events of the day

An interactive timeline between May 2nd and 4th

The superimposed map of 1863 on the map of today provides perspective between the two time periods. The pictures of the personnel give a face to the name instead of just providing details on the soldier.


4th website:

Multiple previous satellite images of west coast of mexico on top of current satellite imagry

The ability to see all three different satellite images highlighted together

A spatial perspective in order to give depth

Description on the two different Gemini flights

The same islands are outlined in each of the photos to provide the perspective of each picture

Interactivity between similar landmarks for example when Isla San Jose selected on one map, it is selected on the other two images


C: 2nd website:

The site should provide a more general statement on the focus of research of the site. The site needs to have a general overview in order to show viewers exactly what they are looking at. The project also lacks a bibliography and the source of information is unclear.


4th website:

The visual aspect of the site is confusing for viewers due to the overlapping of pictures. It is not apparent that one picture is a zoomed in shot of the larger satellite picture. Also, the island names are hyperlinked but don’t give extra information about themselves.


Exercise 2:


Atlantic Network Project:

The spatial argument tracks the slave trade through the atlantic and provides maps that analyze the slave casualties as well as the weather patterns during the voyages.

Twitter Site:

Twitter in realtime shows the tweet with the search term of the user’s choice along with a chosen location. The results of the search vary depending on if the subject and location correlate. The maps are moveable and continue to search as the pin is moved.



Atlantic Network:

The Atlantic Network project uses current ArcGIS maps as a base. There are two separate maps which display the information. The first map has a white and gray base with ship paths marked by purple lines, as well as slave deaths marked by black dots with increasing size in relation to number of deaths. The second map is in full color with similar ship paths, but slave deaths are measured by density.  A third map allows both to be seen with a swipe bar to separate the two.

Twitter in realtime:

Twitter in realtime uses a pin that locates the search term in a specific area. The pin is moveable and will readjust and reflect the new location’s results. The search buffer can also readjust according to size.


Atlantic Network


Twitter in realtime:

I would add a filter to the tweets to regulate whose tweets are visible. It could be filtered by most popular, most commented on, and most retweeted.  I would also extend the time of the visible tweets past 3 days in order to provide a more in depth search. I would also add the ability to expand the range of the geographic location



Hypercities acts as an active database that has many active sites. It is a platform to find many different types of information, not just one category. Neatline’s information is stagnant. This project is not an actively updated database like Hypercities is. The project uses a finite amount of information in an interactive map. With the Hypercity twitter map, the search is customizable, which improves the project’s ability to be interactive and engaging.

Summary Statement

The lab showed how GIS technology is used through a multitude of websites. Some websites were more clear than others while showcasing various types of information. The question of “What’s the point?” was very clear in the “Gemini over Baja California” and the “Battle of Chancellorsville.” The two are navigable websites that have specific spatial research arguments. The importance of location is clear; the Gemini project explores a zoomed in shot of the overall satellite view while the Battle project displays important locations of a specific armed conflict. Both maps are interactive and allow the user to access more information; the two give spatial perspective through an adjustable sidebar that allows zoom. However, a drawback is that they are both static images of events/places in the past. The satellite images are from 1965 and 66 while the map from the battle dates back to 1863. Overall, both projects from exercise one offer strong spatial arguments and representations with clear and navigable maps. As the lab progressed, thick mapping emerged as the vital piece to spatial humanities.  The ability to overlay data on interactive maps allow historians to relay information more effectively than a simple narrative piece, i.e. make a spatial argument.  In both the Twitter in Realtime and Atlantic Network Project, the goal is to present their information using interactive maps in relation to a specific set a data.  The Atlantic Network Project’s spatial argument is in relation to deaths along the slave trade’s path, while the Twitter in Realtime’s argument is a two kilometer area’s responses in relation to a current topic.  Even though the topics of the two projects are different, their use of thick mapping create a spatial argument.  The Atlantic Network Project makes a stronger spatial argument since it is a directed toward a specific set of information, rather than an “up to the user” search option. Also, the three map setup of the Atlantic Network Project’s allows for a more directed argument to be made. Each project in this lab offered different perspectives about their subjects and were able to do so with the utilization of GISystems. Hypercities offers different types of GISystems than Neatline. Hypercities presents projects that are much more interactive. The “Mapping Twitter in Realtime” project presented an interactive search engine. Browsers can filter for tweets that contained specific “buzzwords” within a specific geographic location. This GIS uses VGI to supply the results for the search. We can draw numerous different conclusions from the various possible searches. This project is dynamic because the results for each search change as time passes because there is a constant supply of tweets. This project has potential for many applications, specifically commercial exploitation. Businesses can use this tool to observe the behavior of individuals in a certain geographic location and capitalize on their demands. This is an example of a highly interactive GISystem that provides a tool to the public. This project allows people to better understand the behavior of individuals in a geographic location. All of these spatial humanities projects allow us to digest information visually and in ways that offer different perspectives. Presenting information in this manner allows us to potentially draw different conclusions that we otherwise would not be able to.  

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